Biomass utilization

Biomass

The EU directive 2000/76, covers the incineration and co-incineration plants. According to article 2 of this directive, the following can be characterised as biomass:

  • vegetable waste from agriculture and forestry.
  • vegetable waste from the food processing industry, if the heat generated is recovered
  • fibrous vegetable waste from virgin pulp production and from production of paper from pulp, if it is co-incinerated at the place of production and the heat generated is recovered
  • wood waste with the exception of wood waste which may contain halogenated organic compounds or heavy metals as a result of treatment with woodpreservatives or coating, and which includes in particular such wood waste originating from construction and demolition waste
  •  cork waste.

 

Utilization of Biomass

In 1973, the crisis in the oil prices was a great challenge and the quest for energy sources had already began in order to replace the oil wherever possible. The mild types of energy (Biomass, solar, Aeolian) that have been abandoned due to the low price for oil, came back to the proscenium and the search to the past for their way to utilise it became necessary. The use of mild types of energy, are not capable of solving the energy problem in its totality, but participating in a large percentage can pressurize the oil prices, for the preservation of the economical stability, till science provides the final solution to the problem, offering help at the same time to the stability of the ecosystem.

As mentioned above, one of the mild types of energy, inexhaustible under defined circumstances and friendly to the environment, is Biomass. Its basic characteristic is that, it is a purely natural product, which is produced under the known procedure of photosynthesis.


Types of Biomass

WOOD WASTE - CHIPS
WOOD WASTE - CHIPS

H.K.: 3000-4000 Kcal/Kgr
ASHES: 0,5-2 %
PEACHE'S CORE
PEACHE'S CORE

H.K.: 3000-5500 Kcal/Kgr
ASHES: 3%
WOOD WASTE - CHIPS
WOOD WASTE - CHIPS

H.K.: 3000-4000 Kcal/Kgr
ASHES: 0,5-2 %
RISE HUSK
RISE HUSK

H.K.: 2900 Kcal/Kgr
ASHES: 18-20 %
TRUNK BURKS
TRUNK BURKS

H.K.: 2200-1500 Kcal/Kgr
 
COTTON GIN WASTE
COTTON GIN WASTE

H.K.: 3500 Kcal/Kgr
ASHES:15 % (max)
PURK WASTE
PURK WASTE

H.K.: 3500 Kcal/Kgr
 
GRINDING DUST (WOOD)
GRINDING DUST (WOOD)

H.K.: 3500-4200 Kcal/Kgr
ASHES: 0,5 %
OFFAL MEAL
OFFAL MEAL

H.K.: 6.256 kcal/kgr
ASHES: 6,75 %

Company facilities

Chimney

External image of the plant, when finished.

External image of the plant, just before the delivery.

Internal view of the plant.

General view of the internal unit. All the main functions and stages of unit procedures can be detected.

Internal view of the combustion room

Graphical view of PLC controler, from a computer

Control and management panel of the unit, with the use of censors and PLC controlers

Burn waste

Burn waste in a container. After the burning of the mass, all waste are throned automatically in a container.

PLC - Scada

Boiler House

Unit that produce electrical power (ORC) 1MWel

Flue gas and ash treatment

Unit that produce electrical power (ORC) 1MWel

Unit that produce electrical power (ORC) 1MWel

Unit that produce electrical power (ORC) 1MWel

Unit that produce electrical power (ORC) 1MWel

Silo